Sunday, June 02, 2019
The Constitution of the Spartans: a foreshadow of modern fascism
Historia Civilis explains “The Constitution of the Spartans” (21 min).
The city-state was a diarchy with two kinds. It was in a constant state of war readiness because it had been set up by foreign invaders who kept the “helots” in slavery.
Young men, when finishing military service, were given land with slaves. But the complicated inheritance laws resulting in women accumulating a lot of wealth and power over time, as men often died in battle.
The five “ephors” provided oversight. But they were reviewed by their successors, providing a bizarre kind of stability.
There was also a council called Gerousia.
Young men were sent through rigorous military training where they learned to endure much pain. Weaker boys were often executed, so the system had some of the elements of personal fascism. This was a militant society as authoritarian as Nazi Germany.Wikipedia attribution: By Publius97 at en.wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link